Jacob

Jacob's generation sees no new items are added to Abraham's Covenant. It does, though, get confirmed. It also sees certain elaborating words, such as North, South, East and West and Community of Nations.

Confirmed to Jacob

Jacob, the son of Isaac and grandson of Abraham, was fleeing the wrath of his brother Esau, when he had a dream. The following is the relevant text:

10And Jacob went out from Beer–sheba, and went toward Haran.Haran: Gr. Charran 11And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep. 12And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. 13And, behold, the Lord stood above it, and said, I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed; 14And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.spread…: Heb. break forth 15And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of. (Genesis 28:10-15 KJV)

10Jacob wentFX out from Beer Sheba on his way to Haran. 11He arrived at a certain place and spent the night there because the sun was set. He took of the stones of the place and put them for his pillows and lay down in that place to sleep. 12He dreamed and saw a ladder was set on the land and the top of it reached to the skies and the kings of god were ascending and descending on it. K Genesis 21:3 K Genesis 24:15 13Yahvah stood above it and said, I am the god of your father Abraham and the god of Isaac. The land on which you are lying I will give to you and to your seed. 14Your seed will be as numerous as the dust of the land and you will spread abroad to the east and to the west and to the north and to the south. In you all the families of the land will be blessed and in your seed. 15I am with you and will preserve you wherever you go and will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done the thing of which I spoke to you. (Genesis 28:10-15 BRB)

10Jacob left Beersheba and set out for Haran. 11When he reached a certain place, he stopped for the night because the sun had set. Taking one of the stones there, he put it under his head and lay down to sleep. 12He had a dream in which he saw a stairway resting on the earth, with its top reaching to heaven, and the angels of God were ascending and descending on it. 13There above it stood the LORD, and he said: "I am the LORD, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying. 14Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring. 15I am with you and will watch over you wherever you go, and I will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you." (Genesis 28:10-15 NIV)

The place were the dream happens, known as Bethel, but also known as Luz, meant literally, "house of God" and it was a picture of the linkage between the house of God and access to heaven that the stairway represented. 500 years later, this man's decedents would see into heaven again, with their visit to the base of Mount Sinai. 500 years after that they would build a "House of God" with the construction of Solomon's Temple. 1000 years after that, Jesus, "God With Us" would appear in the temple at age 12, and finally, 2000 years after that the age would close.

In this dream God reiterates that Jacob and his decedents are being given the land. The same land that was demarcated by the border with Egypt and the Euphrates river to the east.[1] Jacob's decedents would become as numerous as the "dust of the earth," another reference to an enormous number.[2] Jacob is also told that these people would spread out to the West, East, North, and South providing our first look at the four winds of the skies and providing our first key to this expression in later prophetic literature.[3] Jacob is told that through him all nations will be blessed.

Jacob's name changed

When Jacob finally returns home from his flight to Padan Aram, he has a restless night where he struggles with an angel. He is told:

10God said to him, "Your name is Jacob, but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel." So he named him Israel.

11And God said to him, "I am God Almighty; be fruitful and increase in number. A nation and a community of nations will come from you, and kings will come from your body. 12The land I gave to Abraham and Isaac I also give to you, and I will give this land to your descendants after you." 13Then God went up from him at the place where he had talked with him.

14Jacob set up a stone pillar at the place where God had talked with him, and he poured out a drink offering on it; he also poured oil on it. 15Jacob called the place where God had talked with him Bethel. (Genesis 35:10-15 NIV)

10And God said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name: and he called his name Israel. 11And God said unto him, I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins; 12And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give the land. 13And God went up from him in the place where he talked with him. 14And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he talked with him, even a pillar of stone: and he poured a drink offering thereon, and he poured oil thereon. 15And Jacob called the name of the place where God spake with him, Beth–el. (Genesis 35:10-15 KJV)

10FMGod said to him, Your name will no longer be called, Jacob. Your name will be, Israel. He called his name, Israel.

11God said to him,FS I am god almighty. Be fruitful and multiply. A people and a multitude of peoples will come from you and kings will come out of your loins. 12The land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you and I will give the land to your seed after you. 13God went up from him in the place where he talked with him.

14Jacob set up a monument in the place where he had talked with him, a monument of stone. FSHe poured on it a drink offering and he poured on it oil. 15Jacob called the name of the place where god spoke with him, Beth El. (Genesis 35:10-15 BRB)

Jacob's name, which means "deceiver" is changed to Israel. At this point we see a pattern we last saw with Abraham, where Israel is told that both a nation, and community of nations, will come from him.[4] He is also reminded that kings will come from his body. Again, like Abraham, this is king David, about 920 years later, and Jesus about 1000 years after that. Finally, the land based promise is given to Israel as well.

A curious feature of this story is the way that Jacob pours out wine and oil at this place. Wine is symbolic of Jesus' shed blood, while oil is symbolic of the Holy Spirit of God, or of the anointing that comes through the Holy Spirit. Jacob is reflecting knowledge of that here.



1. Genesis 28:13
2. Genesis 26:14
3. Genesis 26:14
4. Genesis 26:11