10 Commandments

The "10 Commandments" map to the 13 tribes. The map is possible when the opening thought for the commandments is given to the first tribe and the commandments with a double "thou shalt not" (2 & 10) are shared. The following table explores.

Tribe Commandment
Judah Opening

2"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. (Exodus 20:2 NIV)

2I am YahvahFS your god who brought you out from the land of MizraimFS from the house of servitude. (Exodus 20:2 BRB)

2I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.bondage: Heb. servants (Exodus 20:2 KJV)

6"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. (Deuteronomy 5:6 NIV)

6FMI am Yahvah your god who brought you out of the land of Mizraim, from the house of servitude. (Deuteronomy 5:6 BRB)

6I am the Lord thy God, which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.bondage: Heb. servants (Deuteronomy 5:6 KJV)

Reuben 1

3"You shall have no other gods before me. (Exodus 20:3 NIV)

3Thou shalt have no other gods before me. (Exodus 20:3 KJV)

3You will not have other godsFS besides me. (Exodus 20:3 BRB)

7"You shall have no other gods before me. (Deuteronomy 5:7 NIV)

7Thou shalt have none other gods before me. (Deuteronomy 5:7 KJV)

7FMYou will have no other gods besides me. (Deuteronomy 5:7 BRB)

Gad 2

4"You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. (Exodus 20:4 NIV)

4You will not make to you any false imageFS and any likeness that is in the skies above and that is in the land beneath and that is in the water beneath the land. (Exodus 20:4 BRB)

4Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: (Exodus 20:4 KJV)

8"You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. (Deuteronomy 5:8 NIV)

8Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth: (Deuteronomy 5:8 KJV)

8FMYou will not make for yourself any graven image or any likeness of anything that is in the skies above, or that is on the land beneath, or that is in the waters under the land. (Deuteronomy 5:8 BRB)

Asher 2

5You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, 6but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments. (Exodus 20:5-6 NIV)

5You will not bowFS to them. You will not serveFS them, for I Yahvah, your god, am a zealous god, visiting the offenses of the fathers on their sons to the 3rd and 4th generations of those who hate me 6and showing mercy to 1,000s of generations of those who love me and preserve my commandments. (Exodus 20:5-6 BRB)

5Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 6And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments. (Exodus 20:5-6 KJV)

9You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, 10but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments. (Deuteronomy 5:9-10 NIV)

9Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me, 10And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments. (Deuteronomy 5:9-10 KJV)

9FMYou will not bow to them nor serve them, for I Yahvah your god am a zealous god visiting the iniquities of the fathers on the sons to the 3rd and 4th generation of those who hate me, 10but showing mercy to 1,000s of generations of those who love me and preserve my commandments. (Deuteronomy 5:9-10 BRB)

Naphtali 3

7"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. (Exodus 20:7 NIV)

7Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. (Exodus 20:7 KJV)

7You will not takeFS the name of YahvahFS your god in vainFS, for Yahvah will not declare him innocent who takes his name in vain. (Exodus 20:7 BRB)

11"You shall not misuse the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name. (Deuteronomy 5:11 NIV)

11Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. (Deuteronomy 5:11 KJV)

11FMYou will not take an oath by the name of Yahvah your god in vain, for Yahvah will not hold him guiltless who takes an oath by his name in vain. (Deuteronomy 5:11 BRB)

Manasseh 4

8"Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. 11For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy. (Exodus 20:8-11 NIV)

8Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 9Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 10But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 11For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. (Exodus 20:8-11 KJV)

8Remember the sabbath dayFS to keep it holy. 96 days you will labor and do all your work. 10The 7th day is a sabbath to Yahvah your god. In it you will not do any work, you and your son and your daughter and your servant and your female servant and your animal and the traveler who lives in your towns, 11for in 6 days Yahvah made the skies and the land and the seas and all that is in them and rested on the 7th day. Therefore Yahvah blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. (Exodus 20:8-11 BRB)

12"Observe the Sabbath day by keeping it holy, as the LORD your God has commanded you. 13Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 14but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your ox, your donkey or any of your animals, nor the alien within your gates, so that your manservant and maidservant may rest, as you do. 15Remember that you were slaves in Egypt and that the LORD your God brought you out of there with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm. Therefore the LORD your God has commanded you to observe the Sabbath day. (Deuteronomy 5:12-15 NIV)

12FMPreserve the sabbath day and holy it as Yahvah your god has commanded you. 136 days you will labor, and do all your work; 14but the 7th day is the sabbath to Yahvah your god; in it you will not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor the temporary resident that is in your towns; that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. 15Remember that you were a servant in the land of Mizraim, and that Yahvah your god brought you out from there by a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm; therefore Yahvah your god has commanded you to keep the sabbath day. (Deuteronomy 5:12-15 BRB)

12Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee. 13Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work: 14But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. 15And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the Lord thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the Lord thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day. (Deuteronomy 5:12-15 KJV)

Simeon 5

12"Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the LORD your God is giving you. (Exodus 20:12 NIV)

12Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. (Exodus 20:12 KJV)

12Honor your father and your mother that your days may be long on the land Q Matthew 15:4 Q Matthew 19:19 Q Mark 7:10 Q Mark 10:19 Q Luke 18:20 Q Ephesians 6:2FS which Yahvah your god gives you. (Exodus 20:12 BRB)

16"Honor your father and your mother, as the LORD your God has commanded you, so that you may live long and that it may go well with you in the land the LORD your God is giving you. (Deuteronomy 5:16 NIV)

16Honour thy father and thy mother, as the Lord thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the Lord thy God giveth thee. (Deuteronomy 5:16 KJV)

16FMHonor your father and your mother as Yahvah your god has commanded you that your days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with you in the land which Yahvah your god gives you. (Deuteronomy 5:16 BRB)

Levi 6

13"You shall not murder. (Exodus 20:13 NIV)

13Thou shalt not kill. (Exodus 20:13 KJV)

13You will not kill. Q Matthew 5:21 Q Matthew 19:18 Q Mark 10:19 Q Luke 18:20 Q Romans 13:9 Q Jacob 2:11 (Exodus 20:13 BRB)

17"You shall not murder. (Deuteronomy 5:17 NIV)

17Thou shalt not kill. (Deuteronomy 5:17 KJV)

17FMYou will not kill. (Deuteronomy 5:17 BRB)

Issachar 7

14"You shall not commit adultery. (Exodus 20:14 NIV)

14Thou shalt not commit adultery. (Exodus 20:14 KJV)

14You will not commit adultery. Q Matthew 5:27 Q Matthew 19:18 Q Mark 10:19 Q Luke 18:20 Q Jacob 2:11 (Exodus 20:14 BRB)

18"You shall not commit adultery. (Deuteronomy 5:18 NIV)

18Neither shalt thou commit adultery. (Deuteronomy 5:18 KJV)

18FMYou will not commit adultery. (Deuteronomy 5:18 BRB)

Zebulun 8

15"You shall not steal. (Exodus 20:15 NIV)

15Thou shalt not steal. (Exodus 20:15 KJV)

15You will not steal. Q Matthew 19:18 Q Mark 10:19 Q Luke 18:20 Q Romans 13:9 (Exodus 20:15 BRB)

19"You shall not steal. (Deuteronomy 5:19 NIV)

19Neither shalt thou steal. (Deuteronomy 5:19 KJV)

19FMYou will not steal. (Deuteronomy 5:19 BRB)

Joseph 9

16"You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. (Exodus 20:16 NIV)

16You will not lie Q Matthew 19:18 Q Mark 10:19 Q Luke 18:20FS against your neighbor. (Exodus 20:16 BRB)

16Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. (Exodus 20:16 KJV)

20"You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor. (Deuteronomy 5:20 NIV)

20FMYou will not bear false witness against your neighbor. (Deuteronomy 5:20 BRB)

20Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour. (Deuteronomy 5:20 KJV)

Benjamin 10

17"You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor." (Exodus 20:17 NIV)

17You will not covetFS your neighbor's house. You will not covet your neighbor's wife nor his servant nor his female servant nor his ox nor his donkey nor anything that is your neighbor's. (Exodus 20:17 BRB)

17Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's. (Exodus 20:17 KJV)

21"You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. You shall not set your desire on your neighbor's house or land, his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor." (Deuteronomy 5:21 NIV)

21Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's. (Deuteronomy 5:21 KJV)

21FMYou will not covet your neighbor's wife. You will not covet your neighbor's house, nor his field, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's. (Deuteronomy 5:21 BRB)

Dan 10

17"You shall not covet your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor." (Exodus 20:17 NIV)

17You will not covetFS your neighbor's house. You will not covet your neighbor's wife nor his servant nor his female servant nor his ox nor his donkey nor anything that is your neighbor's. (Exodus 20:17 BRB)

17Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's. (Exodus 20:17 KJV)

21"You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. You shall not set your desire on your neighbor's house or land, his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor." (Deuteronomy 5:21 NIV)

21Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour's wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour's. (Deuteronomy 5:21 KJV)

21FMYou will not covet your neighbor's wife. You will not covet your neighbor's house, nor his field, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's. (Deuteronomy 5:21 BRB)

Notes

Judah as the opening thought needs more study.

Reuben needs more study.

Gad and Asher share the second commandment about abstaining from idols. The command has a double "thou shalt not" so it's a natural command to split across two tribes. Gad and Asher are brothers, born to Zilpah. Gad is a raider whose tendency is to seek treasure, like gold and silver. He's told not to make idols, presumably of gold and silver. Asher's feet would be bathed in oil, as per Deuteronomy 33, and he's not to bow to idols (as in bow to their feet). So this commandment is a good fit with these two tribes.

Naphtali is the tribe with "goodly words" as per Jacob's blessing in Genesis 49. The German language is a manifestation of this design in modern times. Here he's told not to misuse God's name. In other words, don't misuse language in general, but especially God's name.

Manasseh lands on the command to keep the Sabbath, which is six days of work and one of rest. Manasseh is tribe number six so this seems to confirm the general map. Manasseh is also the double portion holder, so he gets more text here than the other tribes.

Simeon made a mistake when he didn't obey his father Jacob and attacked Shechem, putting everyone to the sword. Here Simeon is reminded to honor his parents (where "honor" probably means obey).

Levi was not to be counted in the army because he was not to go to war. In modern times we see that Levi is neutral, as Switzerland, but even here, in the 10 commandments, he's told not to kill. A good match.

Issachar is not to commit adultery, but where adultery means breaking a contract or being unfaithful, even in business. Issachar's holiday is Tabernacles, which is really a trade fair, or more specifically, a time for "supporting the growth of contracts" in business when you look at the letter by letter spelling of tabernacles. It is wrong to be unfaithful to one's spouse, and that may be part of what's in view in this command, but it likely has this wider application in mind given the way it maps to Issachar.

Zebulun is not to steal. Elsewhere in the tribal grid Zebulun maps to Jephthah, the guy who hangs out with thieves. Also Zebulun aligns with the prerequisite for elders that says not to be into "filthy profit." The verbiage is odd, but given the grid we can postulate what's really being said is elders must not be people who make money by robbery.

Joseph is not to give false testimony against his neighbor. In that Joseph is two tribes in one, and Ephraim is a "community of nations," this command seems to play to community directly when it says "neighbor." Joseph also must confess the sins of the nation on the head of the atonement scapegoat, so this theme of speaking for the whole community or neighbors in court or before a judge is a good fit.

Benjamin and Dan are told not to covet, but it's difficult to say what exactly each tends to covet because the two "thou shalt nots" are reversed in Deuteronomy (or Exodus).

In general I would think Benjamin is not to covet his neighbor's wife. The reason being, Benjamin is the one tribe not rightly married, in that modern Israel is the one nation in the whole set without a Christian history. Israel, or the Jews more broadly, have yet to acknowledge Jesus as a group, as a tribe. Whereas their neighbors, Joseph and the other tribes, have all wedded to Jesus to some degree in history and display a Christian tradition (aside from how riddled with problems such traditions are and how much idolatry is present within). I think of the end of Judges, where the Benjamites rape the Ephraimite's concubine as an example in scripture where Benjamin needs to be reminded not to covet his neighbor's wife.

Dan, on the other hand, should not covet his neighbor's land, because Dan of all tribes had the most difficulty taking land.