Isaiah 10 talks about a list of places the Assyrian army went in route to Jerusalem where they were finally defeated by the angel of Yahvah. There are 13 places they made it to, before being turned back.
28They enter Aiath; they pass through Migron; they store supplies at Micmash. 29They go over the pass, and say, "We will camp overnight at Geba." Ramah trembles; Gibeah of Saul flees. 30Cry out, O Daughter of Gallim! Listen, O Laishah! Poor Anathoth! 31Madmenah is in flight; the people of Gebim take cover. 32This day they will halt at Nob; they will shake their fist at the mount of the Daughter of Zion, at the hill of Jerusalem. (Isaiah 10:28-32 NIV)
28He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath laid up his carriages: 29They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled. 30Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth.Lift…: Heb. Cry shrill with 31Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee. 32As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem. (Isaiah 10:28-32 KJV)
He has come to Aiath; he has passed Migron; at Micmash he has laid up his supplies; 29they have gone over the passage of Geba to Beth Bethan; Ramah is afraid; Geba of Saul has fled. 30Lift up your voice, daughter of Gallim; give ear, Laishah; answer me, Anathoth. 31Madmenah has been removed; the inhabitants of Gebin are resisting. 32As yet, he will remain at Nob that day; he will shake his hand against the mountain of the daughter of Zion and against the hill of Jerusalem.(Isaiah 10:28-32 BRB)
|Simeon||Gibeah of Saul|
Some translations only have 12 names in the list. This is due to translating "Beth Bethan" as the phrase "we will camp overnight" or something similar. Obviously, for this map to work, there need to be 13 names.
The places named in the list do not correspond to the historical territories of the tribes. Multiple names are from Benjamin's territory for example. So the point of this map is to say something other than what a study of the places in the territories would tell us.
The meaning of this map is not clear to me, but I'll leave the page around as something to ponder and study for awhile.
One aspect of this list I do understand is the idea that all 13 tribes were taken in the Assyrian campaign. Often people think only the northern 10 tribes were taken. Second Kings is explicit that all the fortified cities of the southern kingdom were also overthrown and only Jerusalem and the "remnant" inside its walls survived. This is in fact the force of this passage is Isaiah as well. The Assyrians marched where they wanted until they came to Jerusalem, where they were finally turned back. To reinforce that all 13 tribes were taken, other than a remnant from some of the tribes in the southern kingdom, Isaiah gives us 13 place names.