Battles

12 distinct battles to take Canaan are recorded in Joshua. These map to the 13 tribes where the last battle is given to Benjamin and Dan.

Tribe Battle
Judah Jericho

1Now Jericho was tightly shut up because of the Israelites. No one went out and no one came in.

2Then the LORD said to Joshua, "See, I have delivered Jericho into your hands, along with its king and its fighting men. 3March around the city once with all the armed men. Do this for six days. 4Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams' horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets. 5When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets, have all the people give a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse and the people will go up, every man straight in."

6So Joshua son of Nun called the priests and said to them, "Take up the ark of the covenant of the LORD and have seven priests carry trumpets in front of it." 7And he ordered the people, "Advance! March around the city, with the armed guard going ahead of the ark of the LORD."

8When Joshua had spoken to the people, the seven priests carrying the seven trumpets before the LORD went forward, blowing their trumpets, and the ark of the LORD's covenant followed them. 9The armed guard marched ahead of the priests who blew the trumpets, and the rear guard followed the ark. All this time the trumpets were sounding. 10But Joshua had commanded the people, "Do not give a war cry, do not raise your voices, do not say a word until the day I tell you to shout. Then shout!" 11So he had the ark of the LORD carried around the city, circling it once. Then the people returned to camp and spent the night there.

12Joshua got up early the next morning and the priests took up the ark of the LORD. 13The seven priests carrying the seven trumpets went forward, marching before the ark of the LORD and blowing the trumpets. The armed men went ahead of them and the rear guard followed the ark of the LORD, while the trumpets kept sounding. 14So on the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. They did this for six days.

15On the seventh day, they got up at daybreak and marched around the city seven times in the same manner, except that on that day they circled the city seven times. 16The seventh time around, when the priests sounded the trumpet blast, Joshua commanded the people, "Shout! For the LORD has given you the city! 17The city and all that is in it are to be devoted to the LORD. Only Rahab the prostitute and all who are with her in her house shall be spared, because she hid the spies we sent. 18But keep away from the devoted things, so that you will not bring about your own destruction by taking any of them. Otherwise you will make the camp of Israel liable to destruction and bring trouble on it. 19All the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron are sacred to the LORD and must go into his treasury."

20When the trumpets sounded, the people shouted, and at the sound of the trumpet, when the people gave a loud shout, the wall collapsed; so every man charged straight in, and they took the city. 21They devoted the city to the LORD and destroyed with the sword every living thing in it -- men and women, young and old, cattle, sheep and donkeys.

22Joshua said to the two men who had spied out the land, "Go into the prostitute's house and bring her out and all who belong to her, in accordance with your oath to her." 23So the young men who had done the spying went in and brought out Rahab, her father and mother and brothers and all who belonged to her. They brought out her entire family and put them in a place outside the camp of Israel.

24Then they burned the whole city and everything in it, but they put the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron into the treasury of the LORD's house. 25But Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute, with her family and all who belonged to her, because she hid the men Joshua had sent as spies to Jericho -- and she lives among the Israelites to this day.

26At that time Joshua pronounced this solemn oath: "Cursed before the LORD is the man who undertakes to rebuild this city, Jericho: "At the cost of his firstborn son will he lay its foundations; at the cost of his youngest will he set up its gates."

27So the LORD was with Joshua, and his fame spread throughout the land. (Joshua 6:1-53 NIV)

1Now Jericho was straitly shut up because of the children of Israel: none went out, and none came in.was…: Heb. did shut up, and was shut up 2And the Lord said unto Joshua, See, I have given into thine hand Jericho, and the king thereof, and the mighty men of valour. 3And ye shall compass the city, all ye men of war, and go round about the city once. Thus shalt thou do six days. 4And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets. 5And it shall come to pass, that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when ye hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city shall fall down flat, and the people shall ascend up every man straight before him.flat: Heb. under it

6And Joshua the son of Nun called the priests, and said unto them, Take up the ark of the covenant, and let seven priests bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the Lord. 7And he said unto the people, Pass on, and compass the city, and let him that is armed pass on before the ark of the Lord.

8And it came to pass, when Joshua had spoken unto the people, that the seven priests bearing the seven trumpets of rams' horns passed on before the Lord, and blew with the trumpets: and the ark of the covenant of the Lord followed them.

9And the armed men went before the priests that blew with the trumpets, and the rereward came after the ark, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets.rereward: Heb. gathering host 10And Joshua had commanded the people, saying, Ye shall not shout, nor make any noise with your voice, neither shall any word proceed out of your mouth, until the day I bid you shout; then shall ye shout.any noise…: Heb. your voice to be heard 11So the ark of the Lord compassed the city, going about it once: and they came into the camp, and lodged in the camp.

12And Joshua rose early in the morning, and the priests took up the ark of the Lord. 13And seven priests bearing seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark of the Lord went on continually, and blew with the trumpets: and the armed men went before them; but the rereward came after the ark of the Lord, the priests going on, and blowing with the trumpets. 14And the second day they compassed the city once, and returned into the camp: so they did six days. 15And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they rose early about the dawning of the day, and compassed the city after the same manner seven times: only on that day they compassed the city seven times. 16And it came to pass at the seventh time, when the priests blew with the trumpets, Joshua said unto the people, Shout; for the Lord hath given you the city.

17And the city shall be accursed, even it, and all that are therein, to the Lord: only Rahab the harlot shall live, she and all that are with her in the house, because she hid the messengers that we sent.accursed: or, devoted 18And ye, in any wise keep yourselves from the accursed thing, lest ye make yourselves accursed, when ye take of the accursed thing, and make the camp of Israel a curse, and trouble it.accursed: or, devoteda curse: or, devoted 19But all the silver, and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, are consecrated unto the Lord: they shall come into the treasury of the Lord.consecrated: Heb. holiness 20So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, and the people shouted with a great shout, that the wall fell down flat, so that the people went up into the city, every man straight before him, and they took the city.flat: Heb. under it 21And they utterly destroyed all that was in the city, both man and woman, young and old, and ox, and sheep, and ass, with the edge of the sword. 22But Joshua had said unto the two men that had spied out the country, Go into the harlot's house, and bring out thence the woman, and all that she hath, as ye sware unto her. 23And the young men that were spies went in, and brought out Rahab, and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and all that she had; and they brought out all her kindred, and left them without the camp of Israel.kindred: Heb. families 24And they burnt the city with fire, and all that was therein: only the silver, and the gold, and the vessels of brass and of iron, they put into the treasury of the house of the Lord. 25And Joshua saved Rahab the harlot alive, and her father's household, and all that she had; and she dwelleth in Israel even unto this day; because she hid the messengers, which Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

26And Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man before the Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city Jericho: he shall lay the foundation thereof in his firstborn, and in his youngest son shall he set up the gates of it. 27So the Lord was with Joshua; and his fame was noised throughout all the country. (Joshua 6:1-53 KJV)

1Jericho was shut up because of the presence of the children of Israel. No one went out and no one came in.

2Yahvah said to Joshua, See I have delivered Jericho into your hands with its king and all its armed forces. 3You will circle the city, all the men of war. You will go around the city once. Thus you will do for 6 days. 4FS7 priests will bear 7 trumpets and blow before the ark. In the 7th day you will go around the city 7 times.FS The priests will blow with the trumpets. 5It will come to pass that when they blow the trumpets and when you hear the sound of the trumpet then all the people will shout with a great shout and the wall of the city will fall down flat and the people will go up, every man straight before him.

6FSJoshua the son of Nun called the priests and said to them, Take up the ark of the contract of Yahvah and let 7 priests bear 7 trumpets and blow them before the ark of Yahvah. 7He said to the people, Pass on and circle the city and let those who are armed march on before the ark of Yahvah.

8As Joshua had spoken to the people the 7 priests bearing the 7 trumpets passed on before the ark of Yahvah, blowing on the trumpets, and the ark of the contract of Yahvah followed them. 9The armed men went beforeFS the priests who blew on the trumpets and the rest of the people who were gathered went afterFS the ark and they marchedFS on blowing the trumpets. 10Joshua commanded the people saying, You will not shout nor let your voice be heard nor will any word come out of your mouth until the day that I tell you to shout. Then you will shout. 11TheFS ark of Yahvah circled the city going about it once and they came into the camp and lodged in the camp.

12FSJoshua rose early in the morning and the priests took up the ark of Yahvah. 137 priests bearing 7 trumpets went before the ark of Yahvah. They went on continually and blew with the trumpets. The armed men went before them and the rest of the multitude went after the ark of Yahvah while the priests were blowing with trumpets. 14The 2nd day they circled the city once and returned to the camp. Thus they did 6 days.

15In the 7th day they rose in the morning and circled the city in the same way 7 times. It was in that day only that they circled the city 7 times. 16In the 7th timeFS, when the priests blew the trumpets, Joshua said to the people, Shout, for Yahvah has delivered the city to you. 17This city is accursed and all which is in it to Yahvah. FSOnly Rahab the prostitute will live, she and all who are with her in the house, because she hid the spies that we sent. 18As for you, you are to be careful of the accursed things, lest you take and hide some of the accursed things and make the camp of Israel a accursed and trouble it. 19All the silver and gold and vessels of brass and iron are holy to Yahvah. They will come into the treasury of Yahvah.

20The peopleFS shouted and the priests blew the trumpets. It came to pass when the people heard the sound of the trumpets they shouted with a great shout and the wall fell in its place and the people went up into the city every man straight before him and they took the city. 21FJThey utterly destroyed all that were in the city, both men and women, young and old, and oxen and sheep and donkeys, with the edge of the sword.

22Joshua said to the 2 men who had spied out the land, Go into the house of the prostitute and bring out from there the woman and all that she has as you swore to her. 23The spies went in and brought out Rahab and her father and her mother and her brothers and all that she had and they brought out all her relatives and placed them outside the camp of Israel.

24They burned the city with fire and all that was in it. FSOnly the silver and the gold and the vessels of brass and of iron they brought into the treasury of the house of Yahvah. 25Rahab the prostitute and her father's house and all that she had Joshua saved alive. She lived among the children of Israel even to this day, because she hid the spies whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

26FJJoshua swore at that time saying, Cursed before Yahvah the man will be that rises up and rebuilds this city Jericho. With the death of his firstborn he will build it and with the death of his youngest son he will set up its gates.

27Yahvah was with Joshua and his fame spread throughout all the land. (Joshua 6:1-53 BRB)

In terms of how the narrative reads, there was more planning and lead time before the fateful day when the walls fell down at Jericho then with the other battles. The spies were sent to Jericho earlier and there was a week of walking around the walls before they fell. Planning ahead is a Judah theme.

The first unsuccessful attempt on the next city, Ai, should be seen as an addendum to the Jericho story since the defeat of that battle actually springs from the way Achan stole from the Jericho plunder. Achan is from the tribe of Judah and put the plunder under his tent. The tent is Judah's item in the Tabernacle setup. It's also probably the case that Achan is one of the two spies, the one that did not later marry Rahab the prostitute. Thus both spies were out of Judah. It's likely that Achan planned out his plunder. This is an anti-example of planning ahead. He should have realized what harm he would bring to Israel and himself by his actions.

Reuben Ai

1Then the LORD said to Joshua, "Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Take the whole army with you, and go up and attack Ai. For I have delivered into your hands the king of Ai, his people, his city and his land. 2You shall do to Ai and its king as you did to Jericho and its king, except that you may carry off their plunder and livestock for yourselves. Set an ambush behind the city."

3So Joshua and the whole army moved out to attack Ai. He chose thirty thousand of his best fighting men and sent them out at night 4with these orders: "Listen carefully. You are to set an ambush behind the city. Don't go very far from it. All of you be on the alert. 5I and all those with me will advance on the city, and when the men come out against us, as they did before, we will flee from them. 6They will pursue us until we have lured them away from the city, for they will say, `They are running away from us as they did before.' So when we flee from them, 7you are to rise up from ambush and take the city. The LORD your God will give it into your hand. 8When you have taken the city, set it on fire. Do what the LORD has commanded. See to it; you have my orders."

9Then Joshua sent them off, and they went to the place of ambush and lay in wait between Bethel and Ai, to the west of Ai -- but Joshua spent that night with the people.

10Early the next morning Joshua mustered his men, and he and the leaders of Israel marched before them to Ai. 11The entire force that was with him marched up and approached the city and arrived in front of it. They set up camp north of Ai, with the valley between them and the city. 12Joshua had taken about five thousand men and set them in ambush between Bethel and Ai, to the west of the city. 13They had the soldiers take up their positions -- all those in the camp to the north of the city and the ambush to the west of it. That night Joshua went into the valley.

14When the king of Ai saw this, he and all the men of the city hurried out early in the morning to meet Israel in battle at a certain place overlooking the Arabah. But he did not know that an ambush had been set against him behind the city. 15Joshua and all Israel let themselves be driven back before them, and they fled toward the desert. 16All the men of Ai were called to pursue them, and they pursued Joshua and were lured away from the city. 17Not a man remained in Ai or Bethel who did not go after Israel. They left the city open and went in pursuit of Israel.

18Then the LORD said to Joshua, "Hold out toward Ai the javelin that is in your hand, for into your hand I will deliver the city." So Joshua held out his javelin toward Ai. 19As soon as he did this, the men in the ambush rose quickly from their position and rushed forward. They entered the city and captured it and quickly set it on fire.

20The men of Ai looked back and saw the smoke of the city rising against the sky, but they had no chance to escape in any direction, for the Israelites who had been fleeing toward the desert had turned back against their pursuers. 21For when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city and that smoke was going up from the city, they turned around and attacked the men of Ai. 22The men of the ambush also came out of the city against them, so that they were caught in the middle, with Israelites on both sides. Israel cut them down, leaving them neither survivors nor fugitives. 23But they took the king of Ai alive and brought him to Joshua.

24When Israel had finished killing all the men of Ai in the fields and in the desert where they had chased them, and when every one of them had been put to the sword, all the Israelites returned to Ai and killed those who were in it. 25Twelve thousand men and women fell that day -- all the people of Ai. 26For Joshua did not draw back the hand that held out his javelin until he had destroyed all who lived in Ai. 27But Israel did carry off for themselves the livestock and plunder of this city, as the LORD had instructed Joshua.

28So Joshua burned Ai and made it a permanent heap of ruins, a desolate place to this day. 29He hung the king of Ai on a tree and left him there until evening. At sunset, Joshua ordered them to take his body from the tree and throw it down at the entrance of the city gate. And they raised a large pile of rocks over it, which remains to this day.

30Then Joshua built on Mount Ebal an altar to the LORD, the God of Israel, 31as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded the Israelites. He built it according to what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses -- an altar of uncut stones, on which no iron tool had been used. On it they offered to the LORD burnt offerings and sacrificed fellowship offerings. 32There, in the presence of the Israelites, Joshua copied on stones the law of Moses, which he had written. 33All Israel, aliens and citizens alike, with their elders, officials and judges, were standing on both sides of the ark of the covenant of the LORD, facing those who carried it -- the priests, who were Levites. Half of the people stood in front of Mount Gerizim and half of them in front of Mount Ebal, as Moses the servant of the LORD had formerly commanded when he gave instructions to bless the people of Israel.

34Afterward, Joshua read all the words of the law -- the blessings and the curses -- just as it is written in the Book of the Law. 35There was not a word of all that Moses had commanded that Joshua did not read to the whole assembly of Israel, including the women and children, and the aliens who lived among them. (Joshua 8:1-35 NIV)

1And the Lord said unto Joshua, Fear not, neither be thou dismayed: take all the people of war with thee, and arise, go up to Ai: see, I have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land: 2And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and her king: only the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for the city behind it.

3So Joshua arose, and all the people of war, to go up against Ai: and Joshua chose out thirty thousand mighty men of valour, and sent them away by night. 4And he commanded them, saying, Behold, ye shall lie in wait against the city, even behind the city: go not very far from the city, but be ye all ready: 5And I, and all the people that are with me, will approach unto the city: and it shall come to pass, when they come out against us, as at the first, that we will flee before them, 6(For they will come out after us) till we have drawn them from the city; for they will say, They flee before us, as at the first: therefore we will flee before them.drawn: Heb. pulled 7Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, and seize upon the city: for the Lord your God will deliver it into your hand. 8And it shall be, when ye have taken the city, that ye shall set the city on fire: according to the commandment of the Lord shall ye do. See, I have commanded you.

9Joshua therefore sent them forth: and they went to lie in ambush, and abode between Beth–el and Ai, on the west side of Ai: but Joshua lodged that night among the people. 10And Joshua rose up early in the morning, and numbered the people, and went up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people to Ai. 11And all the people, even the people of war that were with him, went up, and drew nigh, and came before the city, and pitched on the north side of Ai: now there was a valley between them and Ai. 12And he took about five thousand men, and set them to lie in ambush between Beth–el and Ai, on the west side of the city.of…: or, of Ai 13And when they had set the people, even all the host that was on the north of the city, and their liers in wait on the west of the city, Joshua went that night into the midst of the valley.liers…: Heb. lying in wait

14And it came to pass, when the king of Ai saw it, that they hasted and rose up early, and the men of the city went out against Israel to battle, he and all his people, at a time appointed, before the plain; but he wist not that there were liers in ambush against him behind the city. 15And Joshua and all Israel made as if they were beaten before them, and fled by the way of the wilderness. 16And all the people that were in Ai were called together to pursue after them: and they pursued after Joshua, and were drawn away from the city. 17And there was not a man left in Ai or Beth–el, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel. 18And the Lord said unto Joshua, Stretch out the spear that is in thy hand toward Ai; for I will give it into thine hand. And Joshua stretched out the spear that he had in his hand toward the city. 19And the ambush arose quickly out of their place, and they ran as soon as he had stretched out his hand: and they entered into the city, and took it, and hasted and set the city on fire. 20And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this way or that way: and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers.power: Heb. hand 21And when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city, and that the smoke of the city ascended, then they turned again, and slew the men of Ai. 22And the other issued out of the city against them; so they were in the midst of Israel, some on this side, and some on that side: and they smote them, so that they let none of them remain or escape.

23And the king of Ai they took alive, and brought him to Joshua. 24And it came to pass, when Israel had made an end of slaying all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the wilderness wherein they chased them, and when they were all fallen on the edge of the sword, until they were consumed, that all the Israelites returned unto Ai, and smote it with the edge of the sword. 25And so it was, that all that fell that day, both of men and women, were twelve thousand, even all the men of Ai. 26For Joshua drew not his hand back, wherewith he stretched out the spear, until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai. 27Only the cattle and the spoil of that city Israel took for a prey unto themselves, according unto the word of the Lord which he commanded Joshua. 28And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it an heap for ever, even a desolation unto this day. 29And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree until eventide: and as soon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and raise thereon a great heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.

30Then Joshua built an altar unto the Lord God of Israel in mount Ebal, 31As Moses the servant of the Lord commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up any iron: and they offered thereon burnt offerings unto the Lord, and sacrificed peace offerings.

32And he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel. 33And all Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the Lord, as well the stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel. 34And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessings and cursings, according to all that is written in the book of the law. 35There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them.were…: Heb. walked (Joshua 8:1-35 KJV)

1Yahvah said to Joshua, Do not fear nor be dismayed. Take all the men of war with you and arise and go up to Ai because I have delivered into your hands the king of Ai and his people and his city and his land. 2You will do to AiFJ and its king as you did to JerichoFJ and its king only the spoil and the cattle you will take as plunder for yourselves. Lay an ambush against the city from behind it.

3Joshua arose and all the men of war going up against Ai, and Joshua chose 3,000 mighty men of valor and sent them away by night. 4He commanded them saying, Whenever you will lie in wait against the city from behind it do not go very far from the city but all of you be ready, 5then I and the men that are with me will approach the city and it will come to pass when they first come out against us we will flee before them, 6for they will come out after us and drive us away from the city and they will say, They are fleeing before us as at first, and as we flee before them 7then you will rise up from your ambush and seize on the city, for Yahvah your god will deliver it into your hands. 8It will be, when you have taken the city, that you will set it on fire. FXAccording to the commandment of Yahvah you will do. See, I have commanded you.

9Joshua sent them forth and they went to the place of ambush and layFX between Beth El and Ai on the west side of Ai, but Joshua spent that night among the people.

10Joshua rose up early in the morning and counted the people, and went up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people to Ai. 11All the men of war that were with him went up and drew near to the city, and camped on the north side of Ai. FXNow there was a valley between them and Ai; 12and Joshua took 5,000 men, and set them in ambush between Beth El and Ai, on the west side of the city; 13and when he had set his men and all his host on the north side of the city, and the rear guard on the west of the city, Joshua went that night among the people.

14When the king of Ai saw it he hurried and the men of the city rose up and went out against Israel to battle, so all the people of Ai were in the Arabah and they did not know that there was an ambush against them from behind the city. 15Joshua and all Israel scattered before them to flee by way of the wilderness. 16All the people of Ai shouted as they pursued them, and they followed Joshua and were drawn out of the city. 17There was not a man left in AiFX nor Beth El who did not go out after Israel, and they left the city open and pursued Israel.

18FXYahvah said to Joshua, Stretch out the spear that is in your hand toward Ai, for I have delivered it into your hands. Joshua stretched out the spear that was in his hand toward the city. 19The men in ambush arose quickly from their placesFX and they ran as soon as he had stretched out his hand, and they entered into the city and took it, and hasted and set the city on fire.

20FXThe men of Ai looked behind them and they saw the smoke of their city going up to the skies and they had no power to flee this way or that way and the people of Israel that fled to the wilderness turned back on their pursuers. 21FJJoshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city and that the city was going up in smoke and they turned back and slew the men of Ai. 22The others went out of the city to meet them; so the men of Ai were caught in the middle of Israel, some on this side and some on that side; and they struck them, so they let not 1 of them remain or escape. 23They took the king of Ai alive, and brought him to Joshua.

24When Israel had finished slaying all the inhabitants of Ai in the fields and in the wilderness where they pursued them, and when all of them had fallen by the edge of the sword until they were consumed, then all Israel returned to Ai and struck it with the edge of the sword. 25It was that 12,000 men and women, all the inhabitants of Ai, fell that day. 26For Joshua did not draw his hand back, with which he stretched out the spear, until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai. 27Only the cattle and the spoil of that city Israel took as prey for themselves, according to the word of Yahvah which he commanded Joshua.

28Joshua burned Ai, and made it a heap of ruins forever to this day. 29He hung the king of Ai on a tree until evening; and when the sun was set, Joshua commanded, and they took his corpse down from the tree and cast it at the entrance of the gate of the city, and raised over it a heap of large stones that remains to this day.

30Then Joshua builtFS an altar to Yahvah god of Israel on the mount of Gebal 31as Moses the servant of Yahvah had commanded the children of Israel as it is written in the scroll of the law of Moses,FS an altar of unhewn stones on which no man has lifted up any iron instrument. They offered on it burnt offerings to Yahvah and sacrificed peace sacrifices. 32He engraved there on the stonesFS of the altar a copy of the law of Moses that he engraved before the children of Israel. H Deuteronomy 27:2-3 33All Israel and their elders and their scribes and their judges stood on this side and on that side of the arkFS against the priests and the Levites C Deuteronomy 27:12 who carried the ark of the contract of Yahvah, the natives as well as the temporary residents, half of them against the mount of Gerizim and half of them against the mount of Gebal as Moses the servant of Yahvah had commandedFX that they should bless the people of Israel as before.

34After this Joshua read all the words of the lawFX, the blessings and the cursings, according to all that is written in the scroll of the law. H Deuteronomy 31:10-11 35There was not a word of all that Moses commanded which Joshua did not read before all the assembly of Israel and before the women and the little ones and temporary residents who were among them. (Joshua 8:1-35 BRB)

After Ai is taken by ambush, as per the word of Yahvah, Israel congregates around the ark of the contract at Mt. Ebal. The ark of the contract is Rebuen's item from the Tabernacle series.

Gad Gibeon

1Now when all the kings west of the Jordan heard about these things -- those in the hill country, in the western foothills, and along the entire coast of the Great Sea as far as Lebanon (the kings of the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites) -- 2they came together to make war against Joshua and Israel.

3However, when the people of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai, 4they resorted to a ruse: They went as a delegation whose donkeys were loaded with worn-out sacks and old wineskins, cracked and mended. 5The men put worn and patched sandals on their feet and wore old clothes. All the bread of their food supply was dry and moldy. 6Then they went to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal and said to him and the men of Israel, "We have come from a distant country; make a treaty with us."

7The men of Israel said to the Hivites, "But perhaps you live near us. How then can we make a treaty with you?"

8"We are your servants," they said to Joshua.

But Joshua asked, "Who are you and where do you come from?"

9They answered: "Your servants have come from a very distant country because of the fame of the LORD your God. For we have heard reports of him: all that he did in Egypt, 10and all that he did to the two kings of the Amorites east of the Jordan -- Sihon king of Heshbon, and Og king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth. 11And our elders and all those living in our country said to us, `Take provisions for your journey; go and meet them and say to them, "We are your servants; make a treaty with us."' 12This bread of ours was warm when we packed it at home on the day we left to come to you. But now see how dry and moldy it is. 13And these wineskins that we filled were new, but see how cracked they are. And our clothes and sandals are worn out by the very long journey."

14The men of Israel sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the LORD. 15Then Joshua made a treaty of peace with them to let them live, and the leaders of the assembly ratified it by oath.

16Three days after they made the treaty with the Gibeonites, the Israelites heard that they were neighbors, living near them. 17So the Israelites set out and on the third day came to their cities: Gibeon, Kephirah, Beeroth and Kiriath Jearim. 18But the Israelites did not attack them, because the leaders of the assembly had sworn an oath to them by the LORD, the God of Israel.

The whole assembly grumbled against the leaders, 19but all the leaders answered, "We have given them our oath by the LORD, the God of Israel, and we cannot touch them now. 20This is what we will do to them: We will let them live, so that wrath will not fall on us for breaking the oath we swore to them." 21They continued, "Let them live, but let them be woodcutters and water carriers for the entire community." So the leaders' promise to them was kept.

22Then Joshua summoned the Gibeonites and said, "Why did you deceive us by saying, `We live a long way from you,' while actually you live near us? 23You are now under a curse: You will never cease to serve as woodcutters and water carriers for the house of my God."

24They answered Joshua, "Your servants were clearly told how the LORD your God had commanded his servant Moses to give you the whole land and to wipe out all its inhabitants from before you. So we feared for our lives because of you, and that is why we did this. 25We are now in your hands. Do to us whatever seems good and right to you."

26So Joshua saved them from the Israelites, and they did not kill them. 27That day he made the Gibeonites woodcutters and water carriers for the community and for the altar of the LORD at the place the LORD would choose. And that is what they are to this day. (Joshua 9:1-27 NIV)

1And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this side Jordan, in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof; 2That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord.accord: Heb. mouth

3And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai, 4They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up; 5And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy. 6And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us. 7And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you? 8And they said unto Joshua, We are thy servants. And Joshua said unto them, Who are ye? and from whence come ye? 9And they said unto him, From a very far country thy servants are come because of the name of the Lord thy God: for we have heard the fame of him, and all that he did in Egypt, 10And all that he did to the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, which was at Ashtaroth. 11Wherefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spake to us, saying, Take victuals with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say unto them, We are your servants: therefore now make ye a league with us.with you: Heb. in your hand 12This our bread we took hot for our provision out of our houses on the day we came forth to go unto you; but now, behold, it is dry, and it is mouldy: 13And these bottles of wine, which we filled, were new; and, behold, they be rent: and these our garments and our shoes are become old by reason of the very long journey. 14And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the Lord.the men…: or, they received the men by reason of their victuals

15And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them.

16And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them. 17And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjath–jearim. 18And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the Lord God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes. 19But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the Lord God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them. 20This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them. 21And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation; as the princes had promised them.

22And Joshua called for them, and he spake unto them, saying, Wherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, We are very far from you; when ye dwell among us? 23Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall none of you be freed from being bondmen, and hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God.none…: Heb. not be cut off from you 24And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the Lord thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing. 25And now, behold, we are in thine hand: as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do. 26And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not. 27And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the Lord, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose.made: Heb. gave, or, delivered to be (Joshua 9:1-27 KJV)

1FXWhen all the kings who were on this side of the Jordan in the mountains and in the valleys and on all the coasts of the great sea toward Lebanon, the Hethites and the Amorites and the Canaanites and the Perizzites and the Hivites and the Jebusites, heard of it 2they gathered themselves together with 1 accord to fight with Joshua and with Israel.

3The inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and to Ai. 4They worked subtly and prepared provisions and laid old sacks on their donkeys and wine skins, old, torn, and patched. 5They put on old shoes, or bound their feet with sandals, and dressed in old garments, and all the bread of their provision was dry and moldy. 6They went to Joshua to the camp at Gilgal and said to him and to the men of Israel, We have come from a far country, now make a contract with us.

7The men of Israel said to the Hivites, If you live among us then why should you have a contract?

8They said to Joshua, We are your servants.

Joshua said to them, Who are you? Where do you come from?

9They said to him, From a very far country your servants have come to the name of Yahvah your god, for we have heard the fame of him and all that he did in Mizraim 10FJand all that he did to the 2 kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon and to Og king of Bashan, who lived at Ashtaroth. 11Therefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country said to us, Take provisions with you for the journey and go to meet them, and say to them, We are your servants, now make a contract with us. 12This bread we took hot out of our houses for our provisions on the day we came forth to come to you, but now it is dry and it is moldy. 13These wine skins which we filled, were new, and they are worn out, and these garments and our shoes were new when we put them on, and now they are old because the journey was very long.

14The men took of their provisions, and went away, and they did not ask counsel from Yahvah, 15FXand Joshua made peace with them and he made a contract with them, to let them live, and the princes of the assembly swore to them.

16At the end of 3 days, after they had made the contract with them, they heard that they were their neighbors and that they lived among them. 17FXThe children of Israel journeyed and came to their cities on the 3rd day. Now the names of their cities were Gibeon, Kephirah, Beeroth and Kiriath Jearim. 18The children of IsraelFX did not kill them because the princes of the assembly had sworn to them by Yahvah, god of Israel.

The whole assembly murmured and were in an uproar against the princes. 19FXBut the princes said to the assembly, We have sworn to them by Yahvah, god of Israel, now we cannot harm them. 20This we will do to them, we will let them live, lest wrath be on us because of the oaths which we swore to them. 21The princes said to the children of Israel, Let them live, but let them become gatherers of trees and drawers of water to all the assembly, as the princes had promised them.

22Joshua called for them and he said to them, Why have you deceived us, saying, We are very far from you, when you live among us? 23Now you are cursed and none of you will be freed from being servants as gatherers of trees and drawers of waterFX for the house of god.

24They answered and said to Joshua, Because it was certainly told your servants that Yahvah your god commanded Moses his servant to give you all the landFX and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were exceedingly afraid for our lives because of you and have done this thing. 25Now we are in your hands, do to us as it seems good in your sight.

26FXJoshua did so to them and delivered them out of the hand of the Israelites and they did not kill them. 27Joshua made them that day gatherers of trees and drawers of water for the assemblyFX and for the altar of Yahvah, even to this day, in the place which he should choose. (Joshua 9:1-27 BRB)

Gibeon fools Israel into a treaty by attempting to look like they live far away, outside the area Yahvah was giving into Israel's hands. One way they feigned being far away was to show Israel moldy bread and claim that it was fresh when they packed their animals to journey to meet Israel. Gad's item in the Tabernacle is the table of shewbread. What Gibeon should have done was be like Gad and leave the area when they realized Yahvah was giving it to Israel.

Asher Makkedah

1Now Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard that Joshua had taken Ai and totally destroyed it, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and that the people of Gibeon had made a treaty of peace with Israel and were living near them. 2He and his people were very much alarmed at this, because Gibeon was an important city, like one of the royal cities; it was larger than Ai, and all its men were good fighters. 3So Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem appealed to Hoham king of Hebron, Piram king of Jarmuth, Japhia king of Lachish and Debir king of Eglon. 4"Come up and help me attack Gibeon," he said, "because it has made peace with Joshua and the Israelites."

5Then the five kings of the Amorites -- the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon -- joined forces. They moved up with all their troops and took up positions against Gibeon and attacked it.

6The Gibeonites then sent word to Joshua in the camp at Gilgal: "Do not abandon your servants. Come up to us quickly and save us! Help us, because all the Amorite kings from the hill country have joined forces against us."

7So Joshua marched up from Gilgal with his entire army, including all the best fighting men. 8The LORD said to Joshua, "Do not be afraid of them; I have given them into your hand. Not one of them will be able to withstand you."

9After an all-night march from Gilgal, Joshua took them by surprise. 10The LORD threw them into confusion before Israel, who defeated them in a great victory at Gibeon. Israel pursued them along the road going up to Beth Horon and cut them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah. 11As they fled before Israel on the road down from Beth Horon to Azekah, the LORD hurled large hailstones down on them from the sky, and more of them died from the hailstones than were killed by the swords of the Israelites.

12On the day the LORD gave the Amorites over to Israel, Joshua said to the LORD in the presence of Israel: "O sun, stand still over Gibeon, O moon, over the Valley of Aijalon." 13So the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, till the nation avenged itself on its enemies, as it is written in the Book of Jashar.

The sun stopped in the middle of the sky and delayed going down about a full day. 14There has never been a day like it before or since, a day when the LORD listened to a man. Surely the LORD was fighting for Israel!

15Then Joshua returned with all Israel to the camp at Gilgal.

16Now the five kings had fled and hidden in the cave at Makkedah. 17When Joshua was told that the five kings had been found hiding in the cave at Makkedah, 18he said, "Roll large rocks up to the mouth of the cave, and post some men there to guard it. 19But don't stop! Pursue your enemies, attack them from the rear and don't let them reach their cities, for the LORD your God has given them into your hand."

20So Joshua and the Israelites destroyed them completely -- almost to a man -- but the few who were left reached their fortified cities. 21The whole army then returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah, and no one uttered a word against the Israelites.

22Joshua said, "Open the mouth of the cave and bring those five kings out to me." 23So they brought the five kings out of the cave -- the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon. 24When they had brought these kings to Joshua, he summoned all the men of Israel and said to the army commanders who had come with him, "Come here and put your feet on the necks of these kings." So they came forward and placed their feet on their necks.

25Joshua said to them, "Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged. Be strong and courageous. This is what the LORD will do to all the enemies you are going to fight." 26Then Joshua struck and killed the kings and hung them on five trees, and they were left hanging on the trees until evening.

27At sunset Joshua gave the order and they took them down from the trees and threw them into the cave where they had been hiding. At the mouth of the cave they placed large rocks, which are there to this day.

28That day Joshua took Makkedah. He put the city and its king to the sword and totally destroyed everyone in it. He left no survivors. And he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho. (Joshua 10:1-28 NIV)

1Now it came to pass, when Adoni–zedek king of Jerusalem had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them; 2That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty.royal…: Heb. cities of the kingdom 3Wherefore Adoni–zedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying, 4Come up unto me, and help me, that we may smite Gibeon: for it hath made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel. 5Therefore the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together, and went up, they and all their hosts, and encamped before Gibeon, and made war against it.

6And the men of Gibeon sent unto Joshua to the camp to Gilgal, saying, Slack not thy hand from thy servants; come up to us quickly, and save us, and help us: for all the kings of the Amorites that dwell in the mountains are gathered together against us.

7So Joshua ascended from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valour.

8And the Lord said unto Joshua, Fear them not: for I have delivered them into thine hand; there shall not a man of them stand before thee. 9Joshua therefore came unto them suddenly, and went up from Gilgal all night. 10And the Lord discomfited them before Israel, and slew them with a great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goeth up to Beth–horon, and smote them to Azekah, and unto Makkedah. 11And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Beth–horon, that the Lord cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.

12Then spake Joshua to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.stand…: Heb. be silent 13And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day.Jasher: or, the upright? 14And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the Lord hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the Lord fought for Israel.

15And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgal. 16But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah. 17And it was told Joshua, saying, The five kings are found hid in a cave at Makkedah. 18And Joshua said, Roll great stones upon the mouth of the cave, and set men by it for to keep them: 19And stay ye not, but pursue after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of them; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the Lord your God hath delivered them into your hand.smite…: Heb. cut off the tail 20And it came to pass, when Joshua and the children of Israel had made an end of slaying them with a very great slaughter, till they were consumed, that the rest which remained of them entered into fenced cities. 21And all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace: none moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel. 22Then said Joshua, Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out those five kings unto me out of the cave. 23And they did so, and brought forth those five kings unto him out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon. 24And it came to pass, when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war which went with him, Come near, put your feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them. 25And Joshua said unto them, Fear not, nor be dismayed, be strong and of good courage: for thus shall the Lord do to all your enemies against whom ye fight. 26And afterward Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees: and they were hanging upon the trees until the evening. 27And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, which remain until this very day.

28And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof he utterly destroyed, them, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah as he did unto the king of Jericho. (Joshua 10:1-28 KJV)

1When Adoni Zedek king of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had captured Ai and had utterly destroyed itFJ, as he had done to Jericho and its king so he had done to Ai and its king, and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them, 2he feared greatly because Gibeon was a large city, like 1 of the kingly cities, and it was larger than Ai, and all its men were mighty. 3Therefore Adoni Zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron and to Piram king of Jarmuth and to Japhia king of Lachish and to Debir king of Eglon saying, 4Come up to me and help me and let us fight against Gibeon for it has made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.

5Therefore the 5 kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, gathered themselves together and came up, they and all their armies, and camped before Gibeon and made war against it.

6The men of Gibeon sent to Joshua to the camp at Gilgal saying, Do not withhold your hands from your servants, because all the kings of the Amorites that live in the mountains are gathered together against us.

7FXJoshua went up from Gilgal, he and all the men of war that were with him, and all the mighty men of valor. 8Yahvah said to Joshua, Do not fear them for I have delivered them into your hands and there will not a man of them stand before you.

9Joshua therefore came to them suddenly going up all night from Gilgal. 10Yahvah routed them before Israel and theyFX struck them with great slaughter at Gibeon, and chased them along the way that goes up to Beth HaranFX and struck them as far as Azekah and on to Makkedah. 11As they fled from before Israel and were going down in the descent of Beth Haran Yahvah hurled on them great stones from the skies as far as Azekah and they died. There were more that died from the stones than the children of Israel slew with the sword.

12FJThen Joshua spoke to Yahvah on the day when Yahvah delivered the Amorites to the children of Israel, and Joshua said in the sight of the children of Israel, Sun stand still over Gibeon, and moon in the valley over Elon. 13The sun stood still and the moon stayed until the people had avenged themselves on their enemies. It is written in the scroll of Jashar.

The sun stood still in the middle of the skies and did not hurry to go down about a whole day. 14There was no day like that before it or after it when Yahvah listened to the voice of a man, for Yahvah fought for Israel.

15Joshua returned and all Israel with him to the camp at Gilgal.

16But these 5 kings fled and hid themselves in the cave of Makkedah. 17Joshua was told, The 5 kings have been found hidden in the cave of Makkedah. 18Joshua said, Roll great stones, and put them on the mouth of the cave, and leave men there to guard them. 19Do not stay yourselves, but pursue your enemies and overtake them; and do not let them enter the city; for Yahvah your god has delivered them into your hands.

20When Joshua and the children of Israel had finished slaying them with a very great slaughter, until they were annihilated and no survivor was left of them; then they brought the men of Gibeon who had revolted against the kings into their walled cities. 21All the people returned in peace to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah; and no man moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel.

22Joshua said, Open the mouth of the cave, and bring those 5 kings out to me. 23They did as Joshua had commanded them, and they brought to him those 5 kings out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon. 24When they brought out those kings to Joshua, Joshua called for all the commanders of the armed forces who went with him, and said to them, Come near, and put your feet on the necks of these kings. They came near, and put their feet on the necks of the kings.

25Joshua said to them, Do not fear, nor be dismayed; be strong and of good courage; for thus will Yahvah do to all your enemies against whom you fight. 26After that Joshua killed them, and hung them on 5 trees; and they remained hanging on the trees until evening.

27At the time of the going down of the sun, Joshua commanded, and they took them down from the trees, and cast them into the cave where they had hidden themselves, and laid large stones at the mouth of the cave, which remain to this very day.

28The same day Joshua captured Makkedah, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and he killed its king and all the persons that were in it; he left no one remaining; and he did to the king of Makkedah as he had done to the king of Jericho. (Joshua 10:1-28 BRB)

After an all night march in the dark, Joshua pursues a group of kings that had attacked Gibeon. While in pursuit he told the sun to stand still, which it did. This theme of dark or light is a good Asher theme, whose item in the Tabernacle is the lampstand.

Naphtali Libnah

20So Joshua and the Israelites destroyed them completely -- almost to a man -- but the few who were left reached their fortified cities. 21The whole army then returned safely to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah, and no one uttered a word against the Israelites. (Joshua 10:20-21 NIV)

20And it came to pass, when Joshua and the children of Israel had made an end of slaying them with a very great slaughter, till they were consumed, that the rest which remained of them entered into fenced cities. 21And all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace: none moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel. (Joshua 10:20-21 KJV)

20FJWhen Joshua and the children of Israel had finished slaying them with a very great slaughter, until they were annihilated and no survivor was left of them; then they brought the men of Gibeon who had revolted against the kings into their walled cities. 21All the people returned in peace to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah; and no man moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel. (Joshua 10:20-21 BRB)

Other than place names, which need to be studied at the level of their spelling and from other stories in scripture, there's not much meaning in the accounts of Naphtali through Zebulun other than a couple clues along the way that help the alignment, which are noted.

Manasseh Lachish

31Then Joshua and all Israel with him moved on from Libnah to Lachish; he took up positions against it and attacked it. 32The LORD handed Lachish over to Israel, and Joshua took it on the second day. The city and everyone in it he put to the sword, just as he had done to Libnah. (Joshua 10:31-32 NIV)

31And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it: 32And the Lord delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah. (Joshua 10:31-32 KJV)

31FJJoshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him, to Lachish, and camped against it, and fought against it; 32and Yahvah delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel, and he captured it on the 2nd day, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and all the persons that were in it, as he had done to Libnah. (Joshua 10:31-32 BRB)

It took two days to defeat Lachish, which plays to Manasseh's double portion theme.

Simeon Gezer

33Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining. (Joshua 10:33 KJV)

33Meanwhile, Horam king of Gezer had come up to help Lachish, but Joshua defeated him and his army -- until no survivors were left. (Joshua 10:33 NIV)

33FJThen Horam, the king of Gezer, came up to help Lachish; and Joshua struck him and his people with the edge of the sword until he had left him no one remaining. (Joshua 10:33 BRB)

Levi Eglon
(Joshua 10:34-25 NIV)
(Joshua 10:34-25 KJV)
(Joshua 10:34-25 BRB)
Issachar Hebron

36Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron and attacked it. 37They took the city and put it to the sword, together with its king, its villages and everyone in it. They left no survivors. Just as at Eglon, they totally destroyed it and everyone in it. (Joshua 10:36-37 NIV)

36FJJoshua went up from Eglon and all Israel with him, to Hebron; and they fought against it; 37and they captured it, and struck it with the edge of the sword, and its king and all its towns and all the persons that were in it; he left no one remaining, as he had done to Eglon; but destroyed it utterly, and all the persons that were in it. (Joshua 10:36-37 BRB)

36And Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron; and they fought against it: 37And they took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof, and all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining, according to all that he had done to Eglon; but destroyed it utterly, and all the souls that were therein. (Joshua 10:36-37 KJV)

Unique to Hebron is mention of the "towns" around it. Think Booths, which is Issachar's holiday.

Zebulun Debir

38Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned around and attacked Debir. 39They took the city, its king and its villages, and put them to the sword. Everyone in it they totally destroyed. They left no survivors. They did to Debir and its king as they had done to Libnah and its king and to Hebron.

40So Joshua subdued the whole region, including the hill country, the Negev, the western foothills and the mountain slopes, together with all their kings. He left no survivors. He totally destroyed all who breathed, just as the LORD, the God of Israel, had commanded. 41Joshua subdued them from Kadesh Barnea to Gaza and from the whole region of Goshen to Gibeon. 42All these kings and their lands Joshua conquered in one campaign, because the LORD, the God of Israel, fought for Israel. (Joshua 10:38-42 NIV)

38And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it: 39And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.

40So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the Lord God of Israel commanded. 41And Joshua smote them from Kadesh–barnea even unto Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even unto Gibeon. 42And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel. (Joshua 10:38-42 KJV)

38FJThen Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to Debir; and fought against it; 39and he captured it and its king and all its towns; and they struck them with the edge of the sword and utterly destroyed all the persons that were in it; and he left no one remaining; as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir and to its king; as he had done to Libnah and to its king.

40Joshua struck all the land, the mountain region, the south, the plain, and the hill country, and all their kings; he left no one remaining, but utterly destroyed all their armies, as Yahvah, god of Israel, had commanded him. 41Joshua struck them from Rakem Gaya as far as Gaza, and all the country of Goshen as far as Gibeon. 42Joshua conquered all these kings and their countries at 1 time; because Yahvah, god of Israel, was with him, and it was he who fought for Israel. (Joshua 10:38-42 BRB)

Joseph Hazor

1When Jabin king of Hazor heard of this, he sent word to Jobab king of Madon, to the kings of Shimron and Acshaph, 2and to the northern kings who were in the mountains, in the Arabah south of Kinnereth, in the western foothills and in Naphoth Dor on the west; 3to the Canaanites in the east and west; to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites and Jebusites in the hill country; and to the Hivites below Hermon in the region of Mizpah. 4They came out with all their troops and a large number of horses and chariots -- a huge army, as numerous as the sand on the seashore. 5All these kings joined forces and made camp together at the Waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.

6The LORD said to Joshua, "Do not be afraid of them, because by this time tomorrow I will hand all of them over to Israel, slain. You are to hamstring their horses and burn their chariots."

7So Joshua and his whole army came against them suddenly at the Waters of Merom and attacked them, 8and the LORD gave them into the hand of Israel. They defeated them and pursued them all the way to Greater Sidon, to Misrephoth Maim, and to the Valley of Mizpah on the east, until no survivors were left. 9Joshua did to them as the LORD had directed: He hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots.

10At that time Joshua turned back and captured Hazor and put its king to the sword. (Hazor had been the head of all these kingdoms.) 11Everyone in it they put to the sword. They totally destroyed them, not sparing anything that breathed, and he burned up Hazor itself.

12Joshua took all these royal cities and their kings and put them to the sword. He totally destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded. 13Yet Israel did not burn any of the cities built on their mounds -- except Hazor, which Joshua burned. 14The Israelites carried off for themselves all the plunder and livestock of these cities, but all the people they put to the sword until they completely destroyed them, not sparing anyone that breathed. 15As the LORD commanded his servant Moses, so Moses commanded Joshua, and Joshua did it; he left nothing undone of all that the LORD commanded Moses.

16So Joshua took this entire land: the hill country, all the Negev, the whole region of Goshen, the western foothills, the Arabah and the mountains of Israel with their foothills, 17from Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir, to Baal Gad in the Valley of Lebanon below Mount Hermon. He captured all their kings and struck them down, putting them to death. 18Joshua waged war against all these kings for a long time. 19Except for the Hivites living in Gibeon, not one city made a treaty of peace with the Israelites, who took them all in battle. 20For it was the LORD himself who hardened their hearts to wage war against Israel, so that he might destroy them totally, exterminating them without mercy, as the LORD had commanded Moses. (Joshua 11:1-20 NIV)

1And it came to pass, when Jabin king of Hazor had heard those things, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph, 2And to the kings that were on the north of the mountains, and of the plains south of Chinneroth, and in the valley, and in the borders of Dor on the west, 3And to the Canaanite on the east and on the west, and to the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the mountains, and to the Hivite under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh. 4And they went out, they and all their hosts with them, much people, even as the sand that is upon the sea shore in multitude, with horses and chariots very many. 5And when all these kings were met together, they came and pitched together at the waters of Merom, to fight against Israel.met…: Heb. assembled by appointment

6And the Lord said unto Joshua, Be not afraid because of them: for to morrow about this time will I deliver them up all slain before Israel: thou shalt hough their horses, and burn their chariots with fire. 7So Joshua came, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly; and they fell upon them. 8And the Lord delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto great Zidon, and unto Misrephoth–maim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining.great Zidon: or, ZidonrabbahMisrephoth–maim: or, Salt pits: Heb. Burnings of waters 9And Joshua did unto them as the Lord bade him: he houghed their horses, and burnt their chariots with fire.

10And Joshua at that time turned back, and took Hazor, and smote the king thereof with the sword: for Hazor beforetime was the head of all those kingdoms. 11And they smote all the souls that were therein with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them: there was not any left to breathe: and he burnt Hazor with fire.any…: Heb. any breath 12And all the cities of those kings, and all the kings of them, did Joshua take, and smote them with the edge of the sword, and he utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the Lord commanded. 13But as for the cities that stood still in their strength, Israel burned none of them, save Hazor only; that did Joshua burn.in their…: Heb. on their heap 14And all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, the children of Israel took for a prey unto themselves; but every man they smote with the edge of the sword, until they had destroyed them, neither left they any to breathe.

15As the Lord commanded Moses his servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so did Joshua; he left nothing undone of all that the Lord commanded Moses.left…: Heb. removed nothing 16So Joshua took all that land, the hills, and all the south country, and all the land of Goshen, and the valley, and the plain, and the mountain of Israel, and the valley of the same; 17Even from the mount Halak, that goeth up to Seir, even unto Baal–gad in the valley of Lebanon under mount Hermon: and all their kings he took, and smote them, and slew them.the mount…: or, the smooth mountain 18Joshua made war a long time with all those kings. 19There was not a city that made peace with the children of Israel, save the Hivites the inhabitants of Gibeon: all other they took in battle. 20For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle, that he might destroy them utterly, and that they might have no favour, but that he might destroy them, as the Lord commanded Moses. (Joshua 11:1-20 KJV)

1When Jabin king of Hazor heard of these things he sent to Jobab king of Madon and to the king of Shimron and to the king of Acshaph 2and to the kings that were north of him in the mountains and to the south and in the plain of Kinnereth and in the valleys and in Naphoth Dor on the west 3and to the Canaanites on the east and on the west and to the Amorites and the Hethites and the Perizzites and the Jebusites in the mount and to the Hivites below the mount of Hermon in the land of Mizpah. 4They came out with all their hosts, many people, as the sand that is on the sea shore in multitude with many horses and chariots. 5All these kings assembled and they camped as 1 by the waters of Merom and prepared to fight against Israel.

6Yahvah said to Joshua, Do not be afraid of them, for tomorrow about this time I will cause them to be routed before IsraelFJ and I will annihilate their horses and burn their chariots with fire.

7Joshua came suddenly to the waters of MeromFJ, he and all the people of war who were with him, and they fell on them. 8Yahvah delivered them into the hand of Israel whoFJ struck them and pursued them as far as great Sidon and to the lake and as far as the valley of Mizpah eastwardFJ and they struck them and they left no one remaining. 9FJJoshua did to them as Yahvah had told him. He utterly destroyed their horses and burned their chariots with fire.

10Joshua at that time turned back and took Hazor and killed its king with the sword, for Hazor before had been the head of all those kingdoms. 11They struck with the edge of the sword all the people that were in it, utterly destroying them. There was not a soul left among them. He burned Hazor with fire.

12All the cities of those kings and all their kings Joshua took and struck with the edge of the sword and utterly destroyed them as Moses the servant of Yahvah had commanded him. 13All the towns that stood on the hills Israel burned and Joshua burned Hazor. 14All the spoil of these cities and the cattle the children of Israel took for themselves and all the children of men they struck with the edge of the sword until they had annihilated them and they did not leave a soul among them. 15Just as Yahvah had commanded Moses his servant, so Moses commanded Joshua, and so Joshua did. He left nothing undone of all that Yahvah had commanded Moses.

16Joshua took all that land, the mountain country and all the south country and all the land of the plain and all the mountains and their lowlands, 17from the mount of Peleg that goes up to Seir as far as Gadgad in the valley of Lebanon below the mount of Hermon.FJ All their kings Joshua took and killed. 18Joshua made war for a long time with all those kings. 19There was not a city that was not delivered up to the children of Israel and they destroyed it except the Hivites who live in Gibeon whom Joshua allowed toFJ live and work for Israel. 20FJFor it was of Yahvah to encourage their hearts that they should come against Israel in battle that they might destroy them utterly and that they might not have compassion on them, but that they might destroy them as Yahvah had commanded Moses. (Joshua 11:1-20 BRB)

Joseph would become a community of nations, and here we have a group of kingdoms allied together in a last ditch effort to defeat Israel.

Benjamin/Dan Giants

21At that time Joshua went and destroyed the Anakites from the hill country: from Hebron, Debir and Anab, from all the hill country of Judah, and from all the hill country of Israel. Joshua totally destroyed them and their towns. 22No Anakites were left in Israelite territory; only in Gaza, Gath and Ashdod did any survive. 23So Joshua took the entire land, just as the LORD had directed Moses, and he gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their tribal divisions.

Then the land had rest from war. (Joshua 11:21-23 NIV)

21FJAt that time Joshua came and struck the Anakites who were in the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Gebal and from every mount of Judah and from every mount of Israel. Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities. 22There was not 1 of the Anakites left remaining in the land of the children of Israel; only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, did any remain. 23Joshua took the whole land according to all that Yahvah had spoken to Moses and Joshua gave it as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes.

The land rested from war. (Joshua 11:21-23 BRB)

21And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities. 22There was none of the Anakims left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained. 23So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord said unto Moses; and Joshua gave it for an inheritance unto Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. And the land rested from war. (Joshua 11:21-23 KJV)

One last account in Joshua before the book moves to a summary of the battles and to the subject of dividing the land is the account of defeating the giants (or Rephaites) in the mountains. Perhaps this is more than one battle and therefore aligns with Benjamin and Dan, or perhaps they share this one as they share other things like the tenth commandment.

Notes

Some more study should tease out why certain tribes match certain places, kings and battles, but all in all this series works just fine.